h3. City of Discovery
Aspect: Knowledge is Power, Power is Dangerous
Face: Spirit of Intellect and adventure
Sunniest place in a country of rain
Aspect: Summer Court Stronghold
Face: Aodh, Seelie Lord
Cultural Renewal battles Industrial Decay
Aspect: Renewal Combats Decay
Face: The Nine Trades
This city has a long history of conflict.
Following John Balliol’s renunciation (1295) of Edward I’s claimed authority over Scotland, the English King twice visited Scotland with hostile intent.
Edward (the ‘Hammer of the Scots’) revoked Dundee’s royal charter, removing the town’s people the right to control local government and the judiciary.
He occupied the Castle at Dundee in 1296, but was removed by William Wallace in 1297.
1303 to 1312: The city was again occupied. Edward’s removal resulted in the complete destruction of the Castle by Robert the Bruce, who had been proclaimed King of Scots at nearby Scone in 1306. In 1327, the Bruce granted the royal burgh a new charter.
14th century: During the conflict between England and France known as the Hundred Years’ War, the French invoked the Auld Alliance, drawing Scotland into the hostilities. Richard II subsequently marched northward and razed Edinburgh, Perth and Dundee.
1545: Dundee became a walled city in 1545 during a period of English hostilities known as the rough wooing (Henry VIII’s attempt to extend his Protestant ambitions north by marrying his youngest son Edward, Duke of Cornwall to Mary, Queen of Scots).
1547: The Wishart Arch was believed to be the only remaining part of the wall though a piece behind St Paul’s Cathedral may have a survived, though this remains unconfirmed prior to further investigation. Mary maintained the alliance with the French, who captured Protestant opponents, including John Knox, at St Andrews Castle, in nearby east Fife.
The English occupied Edinburgh and went on to destroy much of Dundee by naval bombardment.